We are selling plants from root cuttings of the variety York. This is a large-fruited, early-ripening selection from New York, with better than average flavor. For best yield, you’ll want to put in another variety for cross pollination, or plant them near wild elderberries. Our plants will ship with live buds but little or no above-ground stem, as the plants will transplant better that way and usually grow more vigorously than those planted with a top. They grow well in our zone 3 climate, but often with moderate winter kill. This is not a problem with elderberries, as best fruit management requires pruning out of older stems. Elderberries need high-nitrogen soils with lots or organic matter and moderate moisture levels to thrive; they tolerate wet but not waterlogged conditions, and do not like clay soils.